Bristol Community College

Bristol Community College
http://bristolcc.edu/

Unpublished Sources

Guidelines for BCC students.

Interview

APA In APA Style, personal communications are not considered verifiable or recoverable; they should be cited in the text only and not include in the reference list.

in text example: (H.C. Payne, personal communication, May 22, 1998)

Chicago (Note) note:

9. Frederick Rudolph, interview by author, Williamstown, MA, May 15, 2001.

 

bibliography:

Rudolph, Frederick. Interview by author. Williamstown, MA, May, 15 2001.

"Unpublished interviews are best cited ... in notes, though occasionally appear in bibliographies." (CMS 17.205)

Chicago
(Author-Date)
in text:
(Rudolp 2001)

reference list:

"Unpublished interviews are best cited in text ..., though occasionally appear in ... reference lists." (CMS 17.205)

Rudolph, Frederick. 2001. Interview by author. Williamstown, MA, May, 15.
MLA parenthetical reference:
It is usually preferable to include in the actual text the name of the person in the corresponding entry in the works cited list rather than using a parenthetical reference. Example: Harry Payne pointed out...

bibliography:

Payne, Harry C. Personal interview. [or "Telephone interview" or "E-Mail interview" as the case may be.] 22 May 1998.

Manuscript/Unpublished Document

APA See Publication Manual 4.16F.
Chicago
(Note)
See CMS sec. 17.210-233.
Chicago
(Author-Date)
See CMS sec. 17.210-233.
MLA See MLA Handbook 5.8.12-13.