Bristol Community College

Bristol Community College
http://bristolcc.edu/

Media

Guidelines for BCC Students.

Music Score

APA No example given in APA Publication Manual for Music Score
Chicago
(Note)
note:

1. Charles L. Johnson, "Crazy Bone Rag," in Ragtime Jubilee: 42 Piano Gems, 1911-21, ed. David A. Jasen, 41-45 (Mineola, NY: Dover Publications, 1997).

bibliography:

Johnson, Charles L. "Crazy Bone Rag." In Ragtime Jubilee: 42 Piano Gems, 1911-21, edited by David A. Jasen, 41-45. Mineola, NY: Dover Publications, 1997.

"Published musical scores are treated in much the same way as books." (CMS 17.263)

Chicago
(Author-Date)
in text:
(Johnson 1997)

reference list:

Johnson, Charles L. 1997. Crazy bone rag. In Ragtime jubilee: 42 piano gems, 1911-21, ed. David A. Jasen, 41-45. Mineola, NY: Dover Publications.
MLA parenthetical reference
(Schoenberg)

bibliography:

Schoenberg, Arnold. A Survivor from Warsaw; for narrator, men's chorus, and orchestra. Op. 46. Long Island City: Bomart Music Publications, 1949

MLA Handbook recommends that works with no pagination be mentioned in running text rather than parenthetically: e.g., "In Schoenberg's A Survivor ..."

Sound Recording

APA in text:
(Writer, year, track x)

reference list:

Writer, A. (Date of Copyright). Title of song [Recorded by artist if different from writer]. On Title of album [medium of recording: CD, record, cassette, etc], Location: Label. (Recording date if different from copyright date)
Chicago
(Note)
note:

2. Virginia Eskin, Fluffy Ruffle Girls: Women in Ragtime, Northeastern Records NR 9003-CD.

bibliography:

Eskin, Virginia. Fluffy Ruffle Girls: Women in Ragtime. Northeastern Records NR 9003-CD.

Note: List sound recordings under the composer, writer, or other person responsible for the content. The performer may be added after the title. The recording company and the number of the recording are usually enough to identify the recording. (CMS sec. 17.265-268)

Chicago
(Author-Date)
"..the author-date system is inappropriate for most audiovisual materials. In a work using the author-date system, such materials are best mentioned in running text and grouped in the reference list under a subhead such as 'Sound Recordings.'" (CMS 17.265)
MLA parenthetical reference:
(Bernstein)

bibliography:

Bernstein, Leonard. Candide: opera house version, 1982. Orch. New York City Opera Chorus and Orchestra. Perf. Erie Mills, Joyce Castle, Maris Clement, John Lankston, Jack Harrold, David Eisler, James Billings, Scott Reeve. Cond. John Mauceri. New York: New World Records, 1986.

If citing any other medium than compact disc, indicate the medium before the manufacturer's name; e.g., audiocassette, LP, etc.

Video Recording

APA in text:
(Bevan, Fellner, Cavendish & Dryburgh, 2001)

reference list:

Bevan, T., Fellner, E., Cavendish, J. (Producers), & Dryburgh, S. (Director). (2001). Bridget Jones's diary [Motion Picture]. United States: Miramax Home Entertainment.
Chicago
(Note)
note:

3. Thelma & Louise, videocassette, directed by Ridley Scott (Culver City, CA : MGM/UA Home Video, 1992).

bibliography:

Thelma & Louise. Directed by Ridley Scott. Culver City, CA: MGM/UA Home Video, 1992. Videocassette.

"Facts of publication for video recordings generally follow that of books, with the addition of the type of medium. Scenes (individually accessible in DVDs) are treated as chapters and cited by title or number. Ancillary materials, such as critical commentary, is cited by author and title." (CMS 17.273)

Chicago
(Author-Date)
"..the author-date system is inappropriate for most audiovisual materials. In a work using the author-date system, such materials are best mentioned in running text and grouped in the reference list under a subhead such as '[Video] Recordings.'" (CMS 17.265)
MLA parenthetical reference:
("Like Water for Chocolate")

bibliography:

Like Water for Chocolate [Como agua para chocolate]. Screenplay by Laura Esquivel. Dir. Alfonso Arau. Perf. Marco Leonardi, Lumi Cavazos, Regina Torne. 1992. DVD. Burbank, Calif.: Miramax Home Entertainment, 2000.

Television or Radio Program

APA in text:
(Executive Producer, year)

reference list:

Producer, A. (Executive Producer). (Year, date of broadcast). Title of broadcast [Television broadcast]. Place: Broadcasting Service.
Chicago
(Note)
No example provided in Chicago Manual of Style.

Chicago Manual Q & A provides this example for bibliographies:

Friends. Episode no. 153, first broadcast 16 November 2000 by NBC. Directed by David Schwimmer and written by Scott Silveri.
Chicago
(Author-Date)
No example provided in Chicago Manual of Style.
MLA parenthetical reference:
("Frederick Douglass")

bibliography:

"Frederick Douglass." Civil War Journal. Narr. Danny Glover. Dir. Craig Haffner. Arts and Entertainment Network. 6 April 1993.